Art, architecture, history, travel



The wall is gone 1989

She’s singing my song



21 Things to do while visiting Regensburg, Germany



  • Regensburger Dom St. Peter
  • The World Heritage SiteBecause of the city´s unique status as “the only authentically preserved large medieval city in Germany” the Old Town Regensburg with Stadtamhof” was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site on July 13th, 2006. The Old Town of Regensburg is an excellent example of an inner-European medieval trading town whose historical stages of development are well-preserved. The development of the trade from the 11th up to the 14th century in particular is illustrated thereby extraordinarily well Regensburg is one of Germany’s oldest towns

A. Some history

  • 179 A. D. The Roman fortress Castra Regina (fortress by the river Regen) is founded for the Third ltalic Legion during the reign of Emperor Marcus Aurelius.
  • Regensburg becomes the seat of the Diet of the Holly Roman Empire or First German Reich
  • The longest word in the German language: Donaudampfschiffahrtselektrizitäten­haupt­betriebs­werk­bau­unter­beamten­gesellschaft.
  • Regensburg, Ratisbon, Castra Regina the northern most point of the Danube is at the confluence of four rivers Laab, Naab, Regen, and Danube. This was the starting point of Christianization of the Czech people , and the diocese of Regensburg became the mother diocese of Prague

B. Famous residents

  • Pope Benedict XVI, his brother Alois was the choir director and still lives in Regensburg
  • Oskar Schindler Haus
  • Albert the Great
  • Keplerhaus
  • Carl Theodor von Dalberg

C. Things to do and see

  • David and Goliath mural – don’t miss this one it’s your namesake
  • Jakobkirche (St James or Scotts church) people come from all over the world to study this church
  • When visiting Regensburg, going to the Alte Kapelle, which dates back to 875, is a must. While it has a modest exterior, this church has an ornate interior. Persons interesting in German history, art, religion, and architecture, will enjoy visiting this historic church. Used by Emperor Charlemagne
  •  Take a tour or walk around on your own and get lost-tours in English leave from the Stone Bridge at 1:30 in the summer
  • Donauufer walk along the bank of the Danube river. actually a dark green not blue at all
  • Steinererbruecke – Stone bridge used by crusaders
  • Bruckmandl
  • Medieval patrician towers
  • A historical interest is also attached to the  Gasthof zum Golden en Kreuz (Golden Cross Inn), where Charles V made the acquaintance of Barbara Blomberg, the mother of Don Juan of Austria (born 1547).
  • Art Forum East German Gallery Kunstforum Ostdeutsche Galerie
  • The Kunstforum is an excellent museum of modern art. It is dedicated to leading artistic personalities who grew up or worked in the German-influenced cultural regions of what is now eastern Europe. The collection of the Kunstforum consists of approximately 2,000 paintings, 500 sculptures, and 30,000 graphic pictures. 15 thermally regulated rooms display paintings that range from Classic Modern to east European present-day art.
  • Town hall

Tourist information office

Kaisersaal diet of the holy roman empire
Torture chamber Tour was very informative. The building is virtually untouched since the 1600s including furnishings, clocks etc… Even a totally original torture chamber with all original apparatus intact and in its original position. It was quite chilling to see.
  • City History Museum mostly in German
  • Astrolabe
    • Stone depicting the founding of Regensburg by Marcus Aurelius, oldest city for which date of which is documented

Museum This is a world class museum with an excellent exhibition depicting the history of Regensburg. The Roman history of the city is particularly well portrayed. Have a look at the models of the city as well as a model of Stone Bridge. It is however a shame that the curators did not provide more descriptions in English .

  • Schlosspark Thurn und Taxis
  • Maximillian Hotel
  • Hotel  Bischofshof
  • Porta Praetoria Roman Arch
  • Neupfahrrplatz
  • Top 10 sites according to Tourist information office
  1. Dom St.Peter-Cathedral
  2. Altes Rathaus-old town hall
  3. Historisches Museum-history of the city of Regensburg Museum
  4. Steinerne Brücke-old stone bridge used by crusaders
  5. Schloss Thurn und Taxis-castle
  6. Helenentor-Helens’s gate
  7. BMW Werk- Werksführung-BMW factory tour
  8. Segway Tours
  9. Radtouren-bicycling
  10. Wandern-hiking
  11. Schwimmen-swimming
D. Things to Eat
a restaurant serving game (Wild) I can’t remember the name but I think it was near the town hall it may not even be there any more. Besides German there are also some excellent Greek and Italian restaurants.
  • Arnulfsplatz  Kneitinger Kniepe doppelbock seasonal dark beer. Service is slow but worth it
    • 4.42/5  rDev n/a
    • look: 3.75 | smell: 4.25 | taste: 4.5 | feel: 4.75 | overall: 4.
    • Color is dark brown to amber-red with hints of orange in the light. Aroma is typical Pils/Münchner malt, very sweet with caramel forward, a slight citrusy/lemony aroma… a hint of hops in the nose, too. It’s 6.5%.
    • In the initial drink you can taste the alcohol on the front of the tongue, a very slight burning sensation all over the tongue. It’s very caramel & malt forward in taste, slightly sour in the back with not a strong but noticeable bitterness from Noble hops – in the back and aftertaste only, though. The mouth feel is thick and süffig, inviting you to drink more. It comes across a little like a caramel and beer flavored brandy. On the sides of the tongue I get black or deeply roasted malt bitterness, too. Overall, very good, very süffig, like drinking a malt, caramel, alcohol induced candy. süffig=light and sweet
  • Dampfnudel Uli this one is for Marian
  • The dumplings are sweet and light, the crust is crispy all is served with light custard sauce, not sticky just a pleasure to eat. Uli himself has been making dumplings for a very long time and he still does it! The whole restaurant is worth to visit.
  • Stella Eis cafe Regensburg Italian ice cream and crepes
  • historische wuerst Kueche You’ve had Wiener, Frankfurter, and Hamburger so now try a Regensburger. Yes, it seems every town in Germany has its own sausage. There is even a Nurnburger. some people rave about this place if you like sausages oldest sausage kitchen in Germany. Worth a peak in the window even if you don’t eat anything.
  • There are no set rules for tipping. In most cases a service charge is included in the price of meals in restaurants. Tipping can vary from place to place and, depending on the quality of service, can range from rounding up to the next euro to 10 percent of the total bill. Always tell the waiter or waitress how much you want to pay. If, say, the bill was €11.70, say “12 euros, please.” The practice of leaving money on the table is all but unknown. When it’s time to pay just say zahlen.bitte. They will never bring the check until you ask. If you want a receipt ask for ein Beleg, bitte.

 E. Getting there

  • One hour from Nurnberg two hours from Munich by train
  • Donau-Isar-Express (DIEX)
  • Note the Regensburg Hauptbahnhof (central station) is one of 85 DB Kategorie II stations all Kategorie I und  II have facilities for luggage lockers and storage
  • Walk out of the train station to Maximillian strasse. Head north. Leads directly to the old town on your left, about 15 minutes walking.
F. What others have said
I enjoyed the Dom St. Peter – a Gothic cathedral – large, dark, mysterious. It is interesting to contrast it to the interior of the Alte Kapelle (chapel) which was remodel to the rococo style. They are only a couple blocks apart.
Just walking through this town is pleasure. There are many squares connected by alleyways. You always turn the corner to something interesting. The Altes Rathaus (old town hall), the Danube river front and the Porta Praetoria (Roman ruin) are the places that I make sure to see along the way.
My wife took the tour of the Thurn and Taxis palace, formerly the famous St. Emmeran’s Abbey. It is still occupied by a German princess that allows it to be show as part of a tax settlement. My wife really liked it.
Regensburg is one of our favorite cities and we are returning there this December.
“A must ”
 Reviewed June 18, 2015 NEW
As a world heritage site it is unique, was the only town not bombed during the wars. It’s beautifully maintained and gorgeous to wander through. Great shops, coffee shops and the oldest sausage Restaurant in Germany. Highly recommend
“Germany’s UNESCO world heritage site on River Danube”
 Reviewed May 10, 2015
Regensburg’s charming Old Town was one of the few cities spared from the WWII destruction. Many original architectures had survived from the bombing thus makes it the best preserved Medieval city in Germany. Once a Free Imperial City of Roman Empire, its strategic position between Rivers Rhine and Danube made it a commercial and political power house from the Roman time onward. Old town is famous with its main Gothic Cathedral Dom (St. Peter) and many Evangelical churches. The arched Stone Bridge built across Danube to connect old town to the other side of the Danube was regarded as the eighth wonder of the world when was completed in 1146 and today is regarded as Germany’s oldest arched stone bridge with some sections are still in their original conditions. Touring of the old town is best by foot or bikes. There are morning farmer’s markets located in different Plätze of the town; offer fresh picked vegetables, flowers, pickles, honey, fruits and cheeses. As a solo traveler, I often take advantage of sampling local specialties at the markets. If you have energy and strength, take a visit to the Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church, pay 2 euros and 102 steps up you have panorama views of the red roofed old town beneath you. The Tourist Information center is next to the Rathaus. The Gothic Dom towers and façade were under renovations when I visited. The Old Chapel (Alte Kaeplle) a collegiate church of Our Dear Lady dated from Roman times. The Romanesque basilica was rebuilt in the Bavarian rococo style in 18th century. The new organ was dedicated by Pope Benedict XVI in 2006 during his visit to Regensburg. This is the only organ instrument has ever been blessed by the Pope in person. Chapel celebrated 1000 years in 2014. Inside the sanctuary is richly decorated with frescoes and the gilded ceiling. The town’s 900 years old restaurant Wurstkuchl and the oldest running fast food restaurant in the world is nearby the Danube hofen where cruises docked. Its famous bratwursts are stilled grilled in the same original kitchen exists since town’s Stone Bridge was under construction in 12th century. One white bratwurst sandwiched in a roll with stone ground mustard and sauerkraut was 2.40 euros. The stone bridge was also under renovation during my visit, but accessible. Nearby the bridge tower gate is the Salt Barn and the Regensburg’s UNESCO’s world heritage center with exhibits of UNESCO world heritages and Regensburg itself. Suggest 3-4 hours walking tour by yourself or join the city tour with fees and do not miss Wurstkuchl’s bratwurst roll, a must to have experience for every visitor to Regensburg.


Giovanni Battista Tiepolo


Giovanni Battista Tiepolo

b. 1696 Venice, d. 1770

Madrid I saw this painting at the royal palace in Madrid and fell in love with Tiepolo immediately Apotheosis of Spain. Below see his crucifixion from the St. Louis art museum. It has recently been removed from public view. Trained in Venice, Tiepolo also worked in Spain and Germany. His work is simply awe-inspiring.

Giovanni Battista Tiepolo - Apollo and the Con...

Giovanni Battista Tiepolo – Apollo and the Continents – WGA22323 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


Born into a wealthy and noble family in Venice, Giambattista Tiepolo was recognized by contemporaries throughout Europe as the greatest painter of large-scale decorative frescoes in the 1700s. He was admired for having brought fresco painting to new heights of technical virtuosity, illumination, and dramatic effect. Tiepolo possessed an imagination characterized by one of his contemporaries as “all spirit and fire.”

2nd third of 16th century

2nd third of 16th century (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

A gifted storyteller, Tiepolo painted walls and ceilings with large, expansive scenes of intoxicating enchantment. In breath-taking visions of mythology and religion, the gods and saints inhabit light-filled skies. His ability to assimilate his predecessor and compatriot Paolo Veronese’s use of color was so profound that his contemporaries named him Veronese redivio (a new Veronese). His style was also influenced by renaissance artist Tintoretto.  He was the great eighteenth century painter of the baroque and rococo periods.



Last supper


Tiepolo Crucifixion, Saint Louis Art Museum, SLAM

Tiepolo’s commissions came from the old-established families of Italy, religious orders, and the royal houses of Spain, Germany, Sweden, and Russia. His frescoes adorn palaces, churches, and villas, and his artistic legacy consists of some eight hundred paintings, 2,400 drawings, two sets of etchings, and acres of fresco. When Tiepolo died at the age of seventy-four, a Venetian diarist noted the “bitter loss” of “the most famous Venetian painter, truly the most renowned…well known in Europe and the most highly praised in his native land.”

David Teniers, younger

Würzburg Residence

Würzburg is a town on the romantic road in Germany. Also on the romantic road Castle Neuschwannstein and Rothenburg ob der Tauber.

Wuerzburg Residenz

Wuerzburg Residenz

Tiepolo was active in Italy, Germany, and Spain.

This ceiling and staircase made quite an impression on me the first time I saw it 36 years ago.

Margaret Lewis told me the first time she saw the his ceiling frescoes in Venice it left her in tears, also Rembrandt and Venus de Milo.

Mid-18th century
Mid-18th century (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

What artist has influenced you?

What trip or city have you visited that has had a particular influence on you?

Do you have a favorite painting in your home city?

Do you know of another artist with as far reaching a range as Tiepolo?;jsessionid=16f06j5jjb65e?dsid=2222&dekey=Giovanni+Battista+Tiepolo&sbid=lc04a&linktext=Tiepolo
Related articles


Travels in Germany 1978 map

My travels

My travels



Kallmunz was a village north of Regensburg on the Naab river a left bank tributary of the Danube, where Kandinsky lived a short time in 1904 during his formative period.

Napoleon was hospitalized at the Karthauspruell abbey after being wounded at Regensburg in 1809.

Kloster Pruefening west of Regensburg has the largest Roman cemetery in Germany.

Things about Germany that are German

  • Lederhosen
  • Gummibären
  • Oktoberfest
  • Max Beckmann
  • Wasily Kandinsky-Bauhaus Desau
  • Universities
  • German Expressionism
  • Protestantism
  • Black Forest tort
  • Beer and hundreds of kinds of sausages
Kloster Prüfenig

Kloster Prüfening


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Travel Post 2970 My View

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I Spent a year in Germany Part 2

Bakery for Dampfnudeln in the Baumburger Turm ...

Bakery for Dampfnudeln in the Baumburger Turm in Regensburg, Germany (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The spring term brought the opportunity for more travelEnglish: Twilight panorama of Regensburg, Germany
English: Twilight panorama of Regensburg, Germany (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Andorra la Vella

University of Regensburg, Germany.

Semmelgebaeude University of Regensburg, Germany. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

For spring break I had trouble finishing my term paper on Effi Briest. Ten pages in German. Effi Briest is a German novel by Theodor Fontane.  I read it for a class in German literature. Most of my friends were already gone, when I left for Paris by way of Frankfurt.  I was headed for Spain, Portugal and Morocco. I had a semester of Arabic under my belt and was looking for a chance to use it.

Effi Briest (1974 film)

Effi Briest

Paris was nice, my second time there. I have found Paris is best taken in small doses, besides I had other places I wanted to see.

I went to the Louvre. I got to see all of those ancient art things, I had studied last year. It wetted my appetite for Egypt even more. The train through the Pyrenees at night was fantastic with snow and bonfires. When I got to Andorra I was disappointed to find I wasn’t the only traveler there. I bought a pair of shoes and  some stamps and got my passport stamped. It’s quite a place nestled between France and Spain.

Spain When you cross into Spain at Port Bou you have to change trains because Spain uses a different bogey. Barcelona was nice.

Visited the University of Madrid which has another Vanderbilt Exchange program, one of four at the time.with others in France and England, the students were also out on spring break but I had a nice talk with the director. He seemed to appreciate my visit. This is a larger university than Regensburg. On the way back from Morocco I stopped in Cordoba and a festival at Valencia, where I saw a bull fight. I had to wait till 1992 to get to the Alhambra in Granada with Katie.

After Madrid, the train broke down on the way to Lisbon. We had to transfer to a bus. The trip took forever. Lisbon is a beautiful city on the Atlantic ocean. It’s the western most city in Europe. After a few days in Lisbon, Portugal LIS Portela Airport I flew to Casablanca CMN مطار محمد الخامس الدولي on TWA.

Morocco Morocco is on the Atlantic Ocean. I could see the Atlas mountains in the distance. Someone needed my help.  A man was trying to write his girlfriend in English.  After I helped him he invited me to visit his home. I was taking Arabic so a visit to an Arabic speaking country was essential. Both of my grandmothers had been here. One loved it the other not so much. So I had to see for myself. Actually depending on your point of view, they were both right. More on that later.

English: The Atlantic Ocean.

English: The Atlantic Ocean. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Casablanca is a large port on the Atlantic ocean. There is nothing left here from the movie. I spent a lot of time just walking around looking at things. It is very interesting.

MSA you can only understand educated speakers

My first time in Africa, I also had time to visit the cities of Merakech, Fez, Rabat, and Tangier. Morocco has a shameful 40% literacy rate.

My dad’s friend Buck Morse had worked for Purina in  Tehran. The first time I saw Persian writing I was about nine. I thought you’ve got to be kidding, people can’t really read that. I must admit as a left-hander I was intrigued by the idea of a language written from right to left. No Hook. It is because the ancient stone writers held the hammer in their right hand and the chisel in their left.

When I told people I was studying their language they’d say,lets hear you read Arabic very nice Iqra!  I bought an Arabic book for kids called Iqra! . Things are different here.  The week ends on Friday. I love the music. Arabic music is based on maqams with a seven tone scale, unlike the western scale of eight tones.

On the way back to Germany I stopped to visit my friend in  Chalabre, France  near the medieval city of Carcasonne.

Carcasonne France

Carcasonne France

The train along the Mediterranean is beautiful. I also stopped in Geneva and Zürich, where I bought a watch for my birthday. I had that watch till I was 40  years old. It was a good one. It was a left-handed Heuer with the winding stem on the right side. I fell asleep by accident in the train and woke up in Milan. The closest I ever got to seeing Leonardo’s Last Supper.

Liechtenstein is located between Switzerland and Austria on the Rhine. also German-speaking country. Vaduz is the capital. Located on the Upper Rhine, Liechtenstein has a valuable art collection. So by now I had visited three of the five smallest countries of Europe.

Principality of Liechtenstein

Principality of Liechtenstein

I still haven’t made it to Monaco and San Marino the other two. By the time I got back to Germany my backpack was destroyed. Called our director to let him know I was fine. I couldn’t repair the backpack, so I had to borrow a suitcase. I also loaded up on supplies. Then took off for Scandinavia, the second part of my trip.

I was in Aachen for Easter. Then I left for Scandinavia. Stopping in Cologne, Bremen and Hamburg. Bremen is the home of the famous town musicians.

Denmark. Copenhagen and Hamburg. I met my friend Hilde in Hamburg and we took the train to Copenhagen. We had arranged it before. Her father worked for the Bundesbahn, so she got a discount and can ride anywhere in Germany for half price. I saw a special Iraq exhibit of Eshnunna statues from Iraq. I’ve been to Chicago twice and they haven’t been on display. This was a traveling show from Baghdad.  

Tivoli is a famous amusement park in Denmark. It was closed for the season. I went back with Katie, the kids, and Margaret in 1999 and got to see it. We had a great time. It just goes to show if you don’t get to do something the first time, there is always a chance for the future. I have learned in traveling if you try to do too much and see everything in one time you are just going to end up making yourself and everyone else miserable. When you get to a place that you have come along way to see you should see what there is to see there and not go rushing off somewhere else.


Stockholm: Gamla stan (Old town)

Norway and Sweden In Oslo  I visited Nazi defense resistance museum. and home of the Nobel Peace Prize.  Stockholm was the farthest north I got that year.

regensburg ratisbona

Regensburg graffiti


Union Station Saint Louis
Carl Miles Meeting of the Waters

The downtown reminded me of Regensburg. Downtown Stockholm is an island. The city hall Stadshus  looks like the Anheuser- Busch brewery in St. Louis. The best part of Stockholm was the Milesgaarden home of Swedish sculptor Carl Miles. It displays many of his works in an outdoor park setting. Miles did the design for the famous Meeting of the Waters sculpture outside the St Louis Union station. It is still cold here and things are expensive. I can’t wait to leave.  After a month of intensive travel I’m ready to get back to my studies and see my friends.

Austria  Later that Spring we went on a Uni sponsored trip to Vienna and Hungary. There is a direct train to Austria that passes by Melk Abby, and through the Wachau on the way to Vienna. I had a better visit to Vienna than the last time.

Italy  That summer I took the train to Rome, looking for Katie. It seems odd but at the same time she was in Germany with her brother looking for me. My daughter said what you were each looking for each other at the same time? Why didn’t you just email each other. Actually at that time snail mail was the only way and you had to write at least three weeks in advance just to be sure you had time to get a reply. Actually, I had a system worked out. When I had an idea about a place I wanted to go, I would write to the national tourist office for information and would read about the highlights, and others things that sounded interesting, before planning my trip. No internet in those days. Also a trip to the library was invaluable and just talking to someone who had been to that country before.

While in Rome the strangest thing happened, I got a telephone call in my room. I thought how odd, no one knows I’m here. It was my high school teacher. They invited me for dinner. Katie and I stayed at that same hotel on the Via Sistina on another trip to Rome years later.

My travels

My travels

My friend,Ted and I set off in search of our friends Roberto and Marisa, whom we had met in Turkey. We made a stop in Verona, the home of Romeo and Juliette.Verona is a medieval town on a river just like Regensburg. We Found Marisa in Arco a small town on Lake Garda the largest lake in Italy.We had to go to Bologna to find Roberto, where he was a student .

On another trip to Italy I visited the port city of Trieste. It was fantastic. I stayed in a youth hostel and saw a dolphin in the Adriatic. Home of James Joyce in the 1920. Near the border with Yugoslavia and hotly contested. I wish I could have stayed longer. Once part of the Austrian Empire. Remember captain von Trapp in The Sound of Music? It was the port of the Austro-Hungarian EmpireSitting on the border with Slovenia in northeastern Italy, it was annexed by Italy after WWI.


Austria Europabruecke

View through the Alps and the Europabruecke in Austria was fantastic. Italy seems irresistible to me. I’m studying for finals on the train. There were just too many distractions in Regensburg. The Summer semester in Germany was a short one. May was full of holidays. No one feels like studying much in July.


Tower in Regensburg, Germany part of former ci...

Tower in Regensburg, Germany part of former city wall (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


Germany Erste Teil

images images I spent a year abroad in Germany 1977-8

Occupation zone borders in Germany, 1947. The ...

Occupation zone borders in Germany, 1947. The territories east of the Oder-Neisse line, under Polish and Soviet administration/annexation, are shown as white as is the likewise detached Saar protectorate. Berlin is the multinational area within the Soviet zone. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


Morocco and Spain (NASA, International Space Station, 12/31/11) (Photo credit: NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center)6950477589_4e4194a937_s

 I spent a year abroad  in Germany.

I flew from Chicago with a group of eight for Luxembourg LUX on Icelandair with a stop in Reykjavík KEF.

I left in August 1977. It was the summer Elvis died. I set out to visit every country in Europe. The only place I didn’t go was London. Many people in my group were sceptical. You can’t just get on a train and go somewhere by yourself. You’re in Europe. Others disagreed.imgres

You’re an American. You can go anywhere you want. Why are Americans so unpopular? It wasn’t always the case. I never believed in the Ugly American. The tangled history of Germany after WWII left Germany partitioned among the four victorious allied powers including the Soviet Union. In 1953 they  Illegally made their zone into the German Democratic Republik or East Germany. I asked my friends, if they thought Germany would ever be reunited. Never in my lifetime. Regensburg, in the Fulda gap was closer to Prague than Cologne. They figured if the war  ever started, it would be run over before we knew it had started. Poland received one-third of former German territory East of the Oder.

Our director met us at the Bahnhof (train station.) He took us to our dorm two at a time.That’s alll that would fit in his car. A blue Audi. It was one of the few times we got to ride in his car that year. Most of the time we took public transportation or walked. I was the only American on my floor. I’m staying at the Vitusheim.  All dormitories in Germany are student managed. I share a kitchen with the other students. We do our own cooking. There is a student cafeteria or Mensa. The meals are subsidised. It is German food. Bavarians eat lots of starch and potatoes but Sauerkraut-not so much. It is about a 15 minute walk from the dorm. I do have a sink in my room which is nice and a large wardrobe.I brought a calculator  and three cameras from home including an old Zeiss Ikon and a mini Minox spy camera. I inherited a radio and some pots from the previous occupant. I’m making good use of them.There is even a pub. There is one TV and one telephone for the whole dorm. Cell phones, video games, PC’s all in the future.


Minox mini spy camera made in Lithaunia

Minox mini spy camera
made in Lithuania

If you want to call the States you have to go to the main post office downtown, book the call then wait for your turn. I only called home three times that year. We do get mail three times a day. Snail mail, of course–no email or internet. I’m Sharing the facilities with the girls. I’m the only male on the floor. They don’t seem to mind it’s going to take some getting used to for me.

I’ll be studying three things here, chemistry, German and Linguistics. Unlike many American programs I’m enrolled at the University and can register for any class. All classes are taught in German. Although the Biochem class is using an English text, Lehninger. My Chem class doesn’t have a text, just the Professor’s lectures. He is fascinated by Bismarck, ND. I don’t know anything about it, but if I ever get there I’ll be sure to send him a card.
 Of course you can take American literature and read Huckleberry Finn, but what fun is that. The one thing they warn you not to take is philosophy. It’s too hard, even for the Germans. My friend didn’t listen and boy was he sorry.
My first day of philology/linguistics the professor wrote something on the board in Latin, half the Americans quit the class. Most of the Germans also know French and English. At that time Germany was divided into East and West. I was living in Regensburg in the West zone. There was no free access between the two zones, especially for East Germans. btw They don’t like the term East German’s. It’s the German Democratic Republik, while those in the West are the Federal Republik. Each country had it own flag and currency, too. There was also an inter-German border marked by guard dogs, machine guns, and barbed wire.
East Germans drive their vehicles through Chec...

East Germans drive their vehicles through Checkpoint Charlie as they take advantage of relaxed travel restrictions to visit West Germany. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


There was a group of exchange students studying German from Lyon in France. They were all girls except one boy. They are nice. They are all in their twenties like me. The Americans are taking a special six-week intensive language course. Most of the German students won’t arrive until classes start in November.

Holland The first overnight trip I went on was to Amsterdam for a local festival. Not well publicised How did you hear about it, Nikolaustag? St Nikolaus is not the same as Santa Claus, who makes his traditional return from Spain by boat in November. OriginallySt. Nicholsaus is from Turkey, his feast day is December 6th.

The train follows the Rhine. We got off in Düsseldorf, to look around. It was nighttime it was beautiful. On the way back from Amsterdam the customs got on the train with a drug sniffing dog. We met the world’s oldest hippie in a bar in Amsterdam. I wonder if he is still alive?

Freddie Heineken greets you at the Heineken brewery tour. It’s a video tape. Back then it was something new. Before you leave he offers you one for the road.

We get many sponsored trips. In November we went to Berlin. It was awesome. I must take my parents here. On the train through East Germany my friend offers the young border guard an orange. He shows it to the other young guard and brags, I’ve seen these I know what this is. You eat it. Once you cross the border and iron curtain there is no stopping or getting off the train until you reach West Berlin.

Reichstag building seen from the west, before ...

Reichstag building seen from the west, before sunset Français : Le Palais du Reichstag coté Ouest avant le coucher de soleil (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Checkpoint Charlie was on Friedrichstrasse, near Kochstrasse. It was the only crossing between West Berlin and East Berlin that could be used by Americans and other foreigners, and by members of the Allied Forces. The other six checkpoints were for residents of West Berlin or West Germany. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Sign at Checkpoint Charlie in Berlin

English: Sign at Checkpoint Charlie in Berlin (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


We decide to do something nice for our German friends. We held a Halloween party. In November we cooked Thanksgiving dinner. We had to order the turkeys and pumpkin from the local army base here. Not common foods in Bavaria. The pies were the biggest hit. We had to be sure to clean up the mess. That’s a big thing here.

We took a trip to Neuschwannstein and the Alps.

Germany Austria Switzerland 
A map presenting Poland and the Curzon Line (W...

A map presenting Poland and the Curzon Line (World War II). Version with English labels. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


There are four countries in the world where German is spoken Austria, Switzerland, Lichtenstein and Germany of course. Germany lost a lot of territory in both world wars.

Related articles

We decided to go to Turkey for Christmas, Germany 1977-8

Basilica Cistern.

Basilica Cistern. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: The Pudding Shop restaurant, Istanbul.

English: The ceiling of the Basilica Cistern (...

English: The ceiling of the Basilica Cistern (Yerebatan Sarnıcı) in Istanbul, Turkey, mirrored in the still waters. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 I spent a year abroad  in Germany.

Jack F. Matlock, Jr.

Ambassador Jack Matlock

Deutsch: Die Bibliothek der Hochschule Regensb...

Deutsch: Die Bibliothek der Hochschule Regensburg am späten Abend. Kirundi: The library of the University of Applied Sciences of Regensburg, Germany. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Germany Switzerland Italy
I did a lot of traveling with my friend Ted D., also from St Louis. Oh, you’re both from St Louis are you brothers? I had a friend at the bank and at the train station. They knew we liked to travel. I had the train schedule memorized. We were always looking for the best deal. He’d say where are we going this time boys.
Nederlands: Sinterklaas tijdens het Het Feest ...

Nederlands: Sinterklaas tijdens het Het Feest van Sinterklaas (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

We decided to go to Turkey for Christmas. If we could be with our families we wanted to go somewhere that wouldn’t remind us of home. The train was very crowded. This was going to be an adventure. The train left Munich for Austria and didn’t stop till we crossed the border.

Getting the visas and crossing the bordernew-years-count-up5

They tell you can get your visa at the border, but it is better if you get it ahead of time. This is done by visiting the consulate in another city  before your trip, filling out  a form, showing your passport and paying a fee. You might also have to give a photograph.

Yugoslavia, yes it was before the breakup. Slovenia, we had crossed the Iron curtain at Klagenfurt Austria for Maribor. The first of many times that year.

Jack Matlock told me although the Croatian  language is essentially the same as Serbian it is written in the Latin alphabet. I know many will dispute that statement so don’t get angry. When he met Germans who complained Americans couldn’t speak German he asked oh where do you go on vacation? Dubrovnik, then you speak fluent Serbo-Croatian.


Croatia: Zagreb is the capital of Croatia. It was our first stop. It was nice. It was also one of the coldest places I have ever been. The cathedral reminded me of Vienna. Zagreb consists of an upper and lower town. People gave me money for my coin collection.  I try to get the smallest circulating coin or billon from each  country I visit, also a cigar and a newspaper.This is a catholic country. Many Serbs are orthodox.
1922, Departure of Mehmed VI who was the last ...

1922, Departure of Mehmed VI who was the last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


Zagreb (Photo credit: Morton1905)

It has a beautiful and impressive fortress at the confluence of the Danube and Sava
Christmas in Belgrade was a Tuesday, besides being a communist country the few Christians celebrate on January sixth. A man smiled and handed us a pack of cigarettes. We smiled and took them. We didn’t smoke so later we gave them to the maid in the Hotel. The hotel was really far out by bus. In Belgrade we discovered the wonderful dish of kebapcisi. It is winter. It is cold here, but it is a fun city.

Even in those times Belgrade had a reputation for an active nightlife, especially in the Skadarlija (Скадарлија) area. I remember the Republic square, equestrian statue of Prince Michael, Art museum, and parliament.

St. Margrethen - Switzerland / Austria

St. Margrethen – Switzerland / Austria (Photo credit: Kecko)

They don’t have Santa Claus in Belgrade. He’s called the New Years man. they still have colored lights and New year’s trees and a nice outdoor market. It’s very festive. We enjoy looking at the things for sale in the shops.
Before we got to Niš an argument ensued. Half the people said the train was going to Athens the other Half Istanbul.


We rented a car and driver and personal guide for twenty dollars. I know they thought we were some kind of big shots. The woman was nice. The highlight was the Rila Monastery. We also went to the opera.

When I told my neighbor about my trip she said,I don’t even know where Bulgaria is and you’ve been there.

English: Belgrade Railway junction

English: Belgrade Railway junction (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Istanbul Istanbul Istanbul
The train pulled into Istanbul Sirkeci station exactly a week after we had left Munich.

In Turkey we met two Italians from N. Italy who spoke German, Roberto+Marisa. They became our friends. I corresponded with them for years.

We visited the great Istanbul Grand Bazar. The Pudding shop is a great place to meet people and exchange information. The food’s not bad either even the pudding. It’s loaded with hippies. Istanbul is truly a crossroads between east and west.

We visited the famous underground Basilica Cistern Yerebatan Sarnıcı

We stayed in a cheap hotel in Istanbul. It was clean and the people we nice and helpful. They had a full-time cook. I had fried eggs cooked to order everyday for breakfast. We celebrated new Year’s Eve at the hotel with our new friends. The movie Midnight Express had jut come out. Our friends in Regensburg were sure we would never make it back alive. It snowed that year in Istanbul. It get’s dark about five o’clock the same as St. Louis this time of year. Traveling is nice because the crowds are low.

Before we left my friend Beth gave me a language guide Turkisch fur auslander (Turkish for foreigners.) Turkish is an Altaic language, not related to European. At one time the Ottoman Empire occupied half of Europe.

On day when we left our hotel a black car pulled up. A window rolled down a man asked, would you like to  go to Asia? Istanbul museum bust of Alexander the great. At the Istanbul Museum we met some students from  Pakistan. They told us how much they liked the United States. When I looked at a globe later I realized we where closer to Pakistan than St Louis. The idea that you could drive across Asia. We met a lot of people from England who were doing just  that. We met others who were on their way back to England from Hong Kong, India, or Iran.

Topkapi palace is an unbelievable. It has the largest emerald I have ever seen, 3.5 kg. It was the home of the sulltans of the Ottoman Empire. Tea is served in little glasses, just like the ones I bought in Jerusalem. University it wasn’t safe. The hammam is the turkish bath. It is really nice.

Golden Horn Istanbul

Golden Horn Istanbul


We got to the bus depot at night we had to ask for help. It was very crowded. An argument ensued. Somehow we got on the right bus. I wonder ow it would work out today.

Taking the bus to Izmir our Italian friends decided to join us. They don’t speak English. We communicate with Roberto in German. He translates into Italian for her. She is mad at him. He has always told he speaks English, but he doesn’t. They are dating. We got a guide and visited the caravanserai and a carpet shop. People are nice they really want to be your friends. We saw some kids watching the Jetsons in Turkish in a shop on an old black and white tv. We took their picture.

Greece it was winter it was cold in Athens. I took a bus from Istanbul to Athens it took 26 hours. They Parthenon is fantastic. I met some friends from Regensburg and had lunch at her apartment. We played cards and talked. It was great. I was tired of walking around in the cold. the high was about 5 C.
Back in Germany
I got back to Germany just in time for classes to begin. Reversing my route for Athens to Thessalonica, Nis, Belgrade, Munich

The one day I got up early to see the Domspatzen they were having a guest  choir from Ukraine.



What was that POST about, yesterday?

What was that POST about, yesterday?

* Munich Oktoberfest starts Today.

* The Munich Oktoberfest takes place on the Wiesn or fairground. Where the six largest breweries set up tents with brass bands and carnival rides. Originally a wedding celebration the party have lasted 200 years. * Well, a German Maas is one liter of beer at the Oktoberfest in Munich, that costs 10 euros. That’s $12.00.
* People complain they don’t get a full serving. Less than 15% of patrons state they get a proper fill, with more than half the glass being foam. This is a big problem since the size of the draft is regulated by the Bavarian government. Some patrons reported getting less than a full Ausschank/fill.
* This is nothing new. People have complained about this for years, but it seems to be getting worse, not better.

* This is what a good fill looks like

London:A Toby Jug for myself 1974

May Day Parade 1957. Left to right Georgy Zhuk...

May Day Parade 1957. Left to right Georgy Zhukov, Nikita Khrushchev, Nikolai Bulganin, Kaganovich, Georgy Malenkov, Vyacheslav Molotov and Anastas Mikoyan (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

7/29 Monday London

Last day in London. I got up early today to get David a present. I think I have something for everyone now. I got a nice porcelain vase for my grandmother.

Finally found a Toby jug for myself. Harrods didn’t have any. Can you believe it?? After that I came back and went to a pub with Cindy to use the rest of my luncheon vouchers.

Flew back to Chicago on TIA, then back to St. Louis by bus. The longest bus ride of my life. I’m so excited. What a great trip! I had a great time and have so many new friends now. I can’t wait to tell my friends about it.

A week after I got home Richard Nixon resigned. August 1974.

FINIS! End of Post

Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev was born in 1894 to an illiterate peasant family in Kalinovka, a village near Russia’s border with Ukraine. To supplement his family’s meager income he began working at an early age, but despite this, and despite his father’s second job as a coal miner, Khrushchev’s family was unable to survive as farmers. In 1908 they moved to an industrial center in Ukraine, where young Nikita began working in a factory. It was the beginning of his activist career: at the age of 18, Khrushchev joined a group of workers who had organized a strike protesting working conditions. He was fired.

Khrushchev found another job but continued his activism, helping to organize strikes in 1915 and 1916. In 1917, after the Russian Revolution had ousted the Czar, Khrushchev joined the Bolshevik forces of the Red Army in the Russian civil war, serving as a political commissar. He was now a dedicated communist.

After the war, Khrushchev was given a series of political assignments and received his first formal training in Marxism at a Technical College. After graduation he was appointed to a political post in Ukraine, where Lazar Kaganovich, a protege of Joseph Stalin, was head of the Communist Party. Khrushchev joined Kaganovich in supporting Stalin in his power struggles against Leon Trotsky and Nikolai Bukharin. With Stalin’s success, Khrushchev’s career soared. In the 1930s Khrushchev was promoted from one political position to the next, until finally, in 1935, he became second in command of the Moscow Communist Party. In Moscow, Khrushchev oversaw construction of much of Moscow’s subway system, and in 1939 he became a full member of the Politburo.

Khrushchev’s rise to power coincided with one of the darkest periods in Soviet history: the Great Terror. During the 1930s, Stalin began a series of bloody purges to consolidate his power. The terror spread throughout the Soviet Union, and Khrushchev was part of it, denouncing several fellow students and workers as “enemies of the people” and willingly taking part in the extermination of the Ukrainian intelligentsia.

By the time Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union in 1941, Khrushchev had been sent to head the Communist Party in Ukraine, which put him near the front lines. He saw the devastation of war first-hand as the Germans routed the Red Army, then again as the Soviets turned back the Nazi advance.

After the war, Khrushchev was called back to Moscow, where he soon became one of Stalin’s top advisers. When Stalin died in 1953, Khrushchev and Nikolai Bulganin won a power struggle against Stalin’s successor, Georgi Malenkov, and secret police chief Lavrenti Beria. Beria was executed, and Malenkov was forced to resign. Bulganin became premier, but Khrushchev, in charge of the Communist Party, soon became the dominant figure.

Khrushchev’s leadership marked a crucial transition for the Soviet Union. From the beginning, Khrushchev set out to make the Soviet system more effective by curbing Stalin’s worst excesses. In an historic speech to the 20th Party Congress in 1956, he attacked Stalin for his crimes — acknowledging what many people believed, but which no Soviet leader had ever dared mention. What Khrushchev dared not mention was his own complicity in those crimes.

Khrushchev’s advocacy of reforms contributed to a groundswell of independence movements among Soviet satellite nations in Eastern Europe. While promoting change, Khrushchev would not tolerate dissent: he supported sending tanks into Budapest in 1956 to brutally suppress a Hungarian rebellion. The Iron Curtain remained in place.

In relations with the West, Khrushchev’s tenure was marked by a series of high-stakes crises: the U-2 affair, the building of the Berlin Wall, and the Cuban Missile crisis. At the same time, he was the first Soviet leader to advocate “peaceful coexistence” with the West, and to negotiate with the United States on reducing Cold War tensions.

By 1964, his reforms had alienated too many powerful Soviet constituencies. A group of conservatives led by Leonid Brezhnev ousted Khrushchev, and he retired to a dacha in rural Russia, where he died in 1971.

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Bairisch als Sprachbezeichnung bezeichnet den oberdeutschen Dialekt, der in Ober- und Niederbayern, der Oberpfalz, in Österreich (Ausnahme Vorarlberg) und Südtirol heimisch ist. Im heutigen Bayern gibt es daneben noch das Schwäbische, das Ostfränkische, das Rheinfränkische und das Thüringische. Bairisch war einer der Hauptdialekte im späten 8. Jh. Bei den sprachlichen Merkmalen fällt auf, daß die zweite Lautverschiebung im Bairischen besonders konsequent vollzogen worden ist.


Bavarian, as a language designation denotes the upper German dialect, which is spoken native in Upper and Lower Bavaria, the Oberpfalz,  Austria (with the exception of the Vorarlberg) and South Tirol (Northern Italy). In  Bavaria of today, there also exist the dialects of Swabian, East Frankish, Rhine Frankish and Thuringian. Bavarian was one of the main German dialects of the late eighth century.  What is notable, linguistically is that the second sound shift is particularly consistent in Bavarian.

Simply stated, the Bavarian dialect is not spoken exclusively in the German Land/state of Bavaria, where other dialects are also spoken, but also in other countries such as Austria, Slovenia and N Italy. (trans. tcg)