Art, architecture, history, travel

Rome madrid 1974 part 6,7,8

Colosseum and Arch of Constantine - panoramic ...

Colosseum and Arch of Constantine – panoramic view outside (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

[Forum Boario, Rome, Italy] (LOC)

[Forum Boario, Rome, Italy] (LOC) (Photo credit: The Library of Congress)

Front of the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside th...

Front of the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls – Roma – Italy. Italiano: Facciata della Basilica di San Paolo fuori le Mura a Roma. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

7/3 Wednesday Rome
First day in Rome. We are staying in Trastevere. Rome is more exciting for me than Madrid. I knew very little of Madrid before coming. Surprisingly I am beginning to remember many of the things I learned in Latin, even some of the language, even though it has been three years. I found that I knew many of the things that the guide said and also that some of the things she said were wrong.

Marion Gast

This morning we took a tour and visited the Capitoline Hill, the Colosseum, saw the forum and the wedding cake and many other places including the church of St Paul outside the walls. San Paolo fuori le mura St Paul’s Outside the Walls 186 Via Ostiense (Metro: Basilica San Paolo) Patriarchal basilica dedicated to St Paul the Apostle, at the site of his tomb.
Saw the statue of Marcus Arelius and the huge statue of Constantine. I would like to go back and see the forum in more detail. I liked the Colosseum very much, because I have wanted to see it since I was a little kid.
(My grandparents went to Rome in 1964 and brought back a little model of it for me. ) It was also good to see the site of the martyrdom of so many Christians. I was disappointed to learn that none of the structure of the Circus Maximus is extant, strangely enough my book of Rome has a picture of the ruins, how did they do it. That is the actual site of the martyrdom of all those Christians. We learned in Latin that the Christians had stripped many of the ancient works for use in other buildings. Today I saw the extent of this especially at the Colosseum. In the afternoon I took a walk with Mr. Cordell and Andy. We passed by St. Peter’s and Hadrian’s tomb. Then we walked down the Via Veneto, but most of the stores were closed, which took us to the Spanish Steps. There we met David Declue. The Spanish Steps are interesting but not many people were selling things there. We did see some artists, though. Then we went to the Trevi fountain, where I took a bath while diving for coins, L 140 about 30 cents. I pitched a coin into the fountain so that I would return to Rome. One the way back to the hotel, Mr. Cordell and I stopped for ice cream.
7/4 Thursday Independence Day Rome
Went on a tour of the forum today with the RAP (resident assistant principal) and others. Michael P is really well informed. It was really interesting, The forum was the center of Roman life, spiritually, socially and politically. Many temples were in the forum including that of the Vestal Virgins, who also lived there, The most important function of the forum was social. It was the market area of ancient Rome. It also served as a meeting place between friends. The forum was important politically because the senate met there. Later the emperors built palaces overlooking the forum . The rostra in the forum was important politically and socially. Politicians delivered orations from the rostra, also when a patrician boy reached age 12 he had to give an oration from the rostra to show he was a man. The forum is in ruins because it was the primary target of barbarian invasion because they wanted to destroy the center of Roman life. After the Romans were finally defeated they did not rebuild it. Also the forum is many centuries old and most of it was neglected during medieval times and became covered with dirt and was not excavated until the late 19th century. The Arch of Septimus Severus was dedicated in the second century A.D. It is one of the three arches still standing in Rome. One of the other arches is the arch of Titus. It is dedicated to Titus’ victory over Jerusalem in 72-75 A. D. There are scenes depicting battles from this war. It shows Roman soldiers marching into Rome carrying the plunder from the city including the Torah. Which by legend eventually came to be lost in the Danube. The last arch of Rome is the arch of Constantine. This arch is dedicated to the first Christian. He himself was a Christian Emperor of Rome under him Christianity was allowed to exist. I did not write this last paragraph someone has been writing in my journal.
Took another bus tour this afternoon went to St. Peter’s in chains (saw Moses) Today many people visit the Church of St.Peter in Chains (San Pietro in Vincoli, above) to see one of Michelangelo’s great masterpieces, the statue of Moses, part of the unfinished tomb of Julius II found on the right front side of the church. But this church is more than a museum for a great artist’s masterpiece; it points to treasured memories of another kind. Near here, Christians were sent to martyrdom during a dramatic early persecution, and the apostles Peter and Paul were among them.


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